Execute two statements with a small difference between them

I often run these statements:

docker stop $(docker ps -aq); docker rm $(docker ps -aq)

What’s the shortest way to type this? I tried

docker {stop, rm} $(docker ps -aq)

but that doesn’t expand to two separate statements.

Asked By: k314159


Using history expansion:

docker stop $(docker ps -aq)
!:0 rm !:2*


docker stop $(docker ps -aq)

The shortest way to is to create a function that runs both commands, put that in your shell’s startup files and then use that.


dstoprm() {
    docker stop $(docker ps -aq)
    docker rm $(docker ps -aq)

(Even shorter if you make the function have a one-letter name.)

To reduce repetition at the cost of boilerplate, you could use a loop:

for action in stop rm; do docker $action $(docker ps -aq); done

or to create multiple commands with brace expansion, you could do something like this, not that I’m seriously suggesting anyone to use this:

eval 'docker '{stop,rm}' $(docker ps -aq);'
Answered By: ilkkachu

Starting with:

docker stop $(docker ps -aq); docker rm $(docker ps -aq)

what if we capture the docker ps -aq into a variable, so as not to calculate it twice? It’s expected to be the same value: all containers. If that were to change, we would be running rm on a different set of containers from the ones on which we invoked stop:

d=$(docker ps -aq); docker stop $d; docker rm $d

We have achieved shortening the command sequence and ensuring it operates on the same set of containers.

Answered By: Kaz

Use the -f argument to force removal.

docker rm -f $(docker ps -aq)

This will stop and remove the container in a single command. Adding -v will also remove anonymous volumes belonging to the container.

Answered By: Gerald Schneider
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