What do Green and Copy mean in CD-INFO?

I am trying to burn an Audio CD to be playable on old vintage CD Players. 
I have tried using Brasero Audio CD and XfBurner, to no avail. 
The resulting CD is playable only on some newer players.

I have a CD (that I got from someone) which works. 
So I analyzed it using cd-info.

This is the information about the working CD:

Disc mode is listed as: CD-DA
CD-ROM Track List (1 - 20)
  #: MSF       LSN    Type   Green? Copy? Channels Premphasis?
  1: 00:02:00  000000 audio  false  no    2        no
  2: 01:43:04  007579 audio  false  no    2        no
  3: 03:30:68  015668 audio  false  no    2        no
  4: 05:45:37  025762 audio  false  no    2        no
  5: 07:33:14  033839 audio  false  no    2        no
  6: 09:27:53  042428 audio  false  no    2        no
  7: 10:57:36  049161 audio  false  no    2        no
  8: 12:57:33  058158 audio  false  no    2        no
  9: 14:18:70  064270 audio  false  no    2        no
 10: 16:02:30  072030 audio  false  no    2        no
 11: 17:36:57  079107 audio  false  no    2        no
 12: 18:59:35  085310 audio  false  no    2        no
 13: 21:08:00  094950 audio  false  no    2        no
 14: 22:11:08  099683 audio  false  no    2        no
 15: 23:32:35  105785 audio  false  no    2        no
 16: 25:52:23  116273 audio  false  no    2        no
 17: 27:00:12  121362 audio  false  no    2        no
 18: 29:55:43  134518 audio  false  no    2        no
 19: 31:39:27  142302 audio  false  no    2        no
 20: 33:10:26  149126 audio  false  no    2        no
170: 35:05:28  157753 leadout (353 MB raw, 353 MB formatted)
Media Catalog Number (MCN): 0000000000000
Last CD Session LSN: 0
audio status: no status
volume level port 0: 255 (0..255) 100 (0..100)
volume level port 1: 255 (0..255) 100 (0..100)
volume level port 2:   0 (0..255)   0 (0..100)
volume level port 3:   0 (0..255)   0 (0..100)

And this is the information about my CD from Brasero
(it is the same for XfBurner):

Disc mode is listed as: CD-DA
CD-ROM Track List (1 - 1)
  #: MSF       LSN    Type   Green? Copy? Channels Premphasis?
  1: 00:02:00  000000 audio  true   yes   2        no
170: 06:00:61  026911 leadout (60 MB raw, 60 MB formatted)
Media Catalog Number (MCN): 0000000000000
Last CD Session LSN: 0
audio status: no status
volume level port 0: 255 (0..255) 100 (0..100)
volume level port 1: 255 (0..255) 100 (0..100)
volume level port 2:   0 (0..255)   0 (0..100)
volume level port 3:   0 (0..255)   0 (0..100)

It seems the only differences are the Green? and Copy? fields. 
What is the meaning of these fields?

Any suggestions on writing compatible Digital Audio CDs for old players?

Asked By: ITChristian

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Green? is a bit obscure, but looking at the source code and then libcdio programming documentation helps: it seems to refer to whether or not the track contains CD-ROM XA data and therefore is CD-I (Green Book) compatible.

The original CD-ROM format is known as Mode 1, and XA is known as Mode 2. There are two sector formats in XA: Mode 2 Form 1 contains all the error correction as in Mode 1. This mode is sometimes the default for CD-R authoring programs, because it provides more compatibility with multisession discs.

So, for vintage CD players, you would want to burn the whole disc at once, without turning off the laser in the middle. In other words, select "single-session" and "disc-at-once" if your burner and software allows, or "single-session" and "session-at-once" if that’s the best your system can do.

The first CD burners could only do "disc-at-once". Then multi-session technology was developed for CD-Rs and CD-RWs, and track-at-once burning became the default. Later, the "session-at-once" burning method was developed to be the multi-session equivalent of "disc-at-once", to improve compatibility with older CD players (among other reasons).

Copy? is the copy protection status of the track. I think some old stand-alone CD players might refuse to output the audio in digital format when this is set to no, to prevent copying the track digitally to a DAT tape.

Answered By: telcoM
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