How can I find the hardware model in Linux?

I used a system information utility to take the model number of a system, and also of the motherboard.

DMI System Manufacturer     LENOVO
DMI System Product          2306CTO
DMI System Version          ThinkPad X230
DMI Motherboard Product     2306CTO  

Is there a way to get model number, in this case 2306CTO, in Linux?

using the dmidecode | grep -A3 '^System Information' command. There you’ll find all information from BIOS and hardware. These are examples on three different machines (this is an excerpt of the complete output):

System Information
    Manufacturer: Dell Inc.
    Product Name: Precision M4700

System Information
    Product Name: MS-7368

System Information
    Manufacturer: HP
    Product Name: ProLiant ML330 G6
Answered By: eppesuig
# dmidecode -t baseboard

if supported by the manufacturer, will give you the information.

dmidecode is a tool for dumping a computer’s DMI (some say SMBIOS) table contents in a human-readable format. This table contains a description of the system’s hardware components, as well as other useful pieces of information such as serial numbers and BIOS revision. Thanks to this table, you can retrieve this information without having to probe for the actual hardware. While this is a good point in terms of report speed and safeness, this also makes the presented information possibly unreliable.

Answered By: Necktwi


sudo dmidecode -s baseboard-product-name
Answered By: Stéphane Chazelas

Try sudo dmidecode -t baseboard for full information on the DMI table contents relevant to your baseboard, in a human readable form. For just the System Product Name, you can use either (type dmidecode -s to get a list of strings keywords):

sudo dmidecode -s system-product-name
sudo dmidecode -s baseboard-product-name

Other relevant options for motherboard info are

sudo dmidecode -s system-version
sudo dmidecode -s baseboard-version
sudo dmidecode -s system-manufacturer
sudo dmidecode -s baseboard-manufacturer

Try sudo dmidecode -s for a full list of system DMI strings available.

Answered By: eToThePiIPower

For the record, much of this information is available under /sys/devices/virtual/dmi/id on modern Linuxes (ie, since at least 2011), and much if it -notably, not including serial numbers- is readable by regular users. To answer the original poster’s question, product_name is the file that contains the system’s model name.


And here would be a handy-dandy script that any user could run, to display the goodness:


cd /sys/devices/virtual/dmi/id/
for f in *; do
    printf "$f "
    cat $f 2>/dev/null || echo "***_Unavailable_***"

No filenames have spaces in them, so this information is easily manipulated by utilities such as awk, for your own nefarious purposes!

Answered By: Mike S

You can use:

dmidecode -t 1

Which outputs something like:

System Information
    Manufacturer: Dell Inc.
    Product Name: PowerEdge R210 II
    Version: Not Specified
    Serial Number: 1234ABC
    UUID: ABABABAB-0101-2323-5A5A-ABCDEF123456
    Wake-up Type: Power Switch
    SKU Number: Not Specified
    Family: Not Specified
Answered By: Peque

Everyone here talks about the great dmidecode command and the -t parameter, but with sudo lshw -short you also get easily the product name and model:

$ sudo lshw -short
H/W path       Device     Class          Description
                          system         UX303UB (ASUS-NotebookSKU)
/0                        bus            UX303UB

Other great commands for getting hardware info:

  • inxi [-F] All-in-one and friendly, written in Perl. Try inxi -SMG -! 31 -y 80
  • lscpu # Better than /proc/cpuinfo
  • lsusb [-v]
  • lsblk [-a] # Better than df -h. Block Device Information.
  • sudo hdparm /dev/sda1
Answered By: Pablo A

On modern Linux systems, you can easily do things like this as any user:

cat /sys/devices/virtual/dmi/id/sys_vendor

cat /sys/devices/virtual/dmi/id/product_name

This also works well for CoreOS, which does not ship with dmidecode.

Note: This has been mentioned in other answers/comments, but is hopefully more visible here, as this is a much easier method than using dmidecode.

Answered By: spkane

The system information tool inxi shows the information cleanly and without having to do all the checks of dmidecode / /sys manually. See the man page for full feature list.

It supports systems with and without /sys, though with /sys data, you don’t need to be root to get the full hardware output, with dmidecode you do.

$inxi -M
Machine:   Device: desktop Mobo: ASRock model: A770DE+
           BIOS: American Megatrends v: P1.70 date: 09/07/2010

You can, as root, also force the data to come from dmidecode:

#inxi -! 33 -Mxxx ## inxi 2.3.56 and older
#inxi --dmidecode -Mxxx ## inxi 2.9 and newer
Machine:   Device: desktop Mobo: ASRock model: A770DE+
           BIOS: American Megatrends v: P1.70 rv 8.14 date: 09/07/2010 rom size: 1024 kB

inxi is available in the repos of most GNU/Linux distributions, or is installable directly by just grabbing the script and installing it.

Sample of the basic output mode (-b)

$inxi -bxx
System:    Host: my-box Kernel: 4.6-6.1-liquorix-686-pae i686 (32 bit gcc: 5.4.1)
           Desktop: Xfce 4.12.3 (Gtk 2.24.30) dm: lightdm
           Distro: Debian GNU/Linux 7.0
Machine:   Device: desktop Mobo: ASRock model: A770DE+
           BIOS: American Megatrends v: P1.70 date: 09/07/2010
CPU:       Dual core AMD Athlon 64 X2 5000+ (-MCP-) speed/max: 1000/2600 MHz
Graphics:  Card: NVIDIA GT218 [GeForce 210] bus-ID: 02:00.0 chip-ID: 10de:0a65
           Display Server: X.Org 1.19.0 driver: nvidia
           Resolution: 1280x1024@60.02hz, 1280x1024@60.02hz
           GLX Renderer: GeForce 210/PCIe/SSE2/3DNOW!
           GLX Version: 3.3.0 NVIDIA 340.101 Direct Rendering: Yes
Network:   Card: Intel 82574L Gigabit Network Connection
           driver: e1000e v: 3.2.6-k port: c800
           bus-ID: 01:00.0 chip-ID: 8086:10d3
Drives:    HDD Total Size: 1080.2GB (36.8% used)
Info:      Processes: 313 Uptime: 26 days Memory: 4457.2/8094.0MB
           Init: systemd v: 232 runlevel: 5 default: 3
           Gcc sys: 6.3.0 alt: 4.0/4.2/4.4/4.5/4.6/4.7/4.8/4.9/5
           Client: Shell (bash 4.4.51 running in xfce4-terminal) inxi: 2.3.8

New output format in inxi 3.x

inxi -bxxxzy80
  Host: yawn Kernel: 4.17.0-10.1-liquorix-amd64 x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc 
  v: 7.3.0 Desktop: Xfce 4.12.4 tk: Gtk 2.24.31 info: xfce4-panel wm: xfwm4 
  dm: lightdm 1.18.3 Distro: Debian GNU/Linux buster/sid 
  Type: Desktop System: Gigabyte product: X470 AORUS ULTRA GAMING v: N/A 
  serial: <filter> 
  Mobo: Gigabyte model: X470 AORUS ULTRA GAMING-CF v: x.x serial: <filter> 
  UEFI [Legacy]: American Megatrends v: F2 date: 03/14/2018 
  6-Core: AMD Ryzen 5 2600 type: MT MCP arch: Zen speed: 2300 MHz 
  min/max: 1550/3400 MHz 
  Card-1: NVIDIA GT218 [GeForce 210] vendor: Gigabyte driver: nvidia 
  v: 340.107 bus ID: 09:00.0 chip ID: 10de:0a65 
  Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.20.0 driver: nvidia 
  resolution: 1280x1024~60Hz, 1280x1024~60Hz 
  OpenGL: renderer: GeForce 210/PCIe/SSE2 v: 3.3.0 NVIDIA 340.107 
  direct render: Yes 
  Card-1: Intel I211 Gigabit Network driver: igb v: 5.4.0-k port: f000 
  bus ID: 06:00 chip ID: 8086:1539 
  Card-2: Apple Ethernet Adapter [A1277] type: USB driver: asix bus ID: 1:13 
  chip ID: 05ac:1402 
  Local Storage: total: 1.08 TiB used: 496.05 GiB (45.0%) 
  Processes: 339 Uptime: 3d 6h 22m Memory: 31.43 GiB used: 4.04 GiB (12.8%) 
  Init: systemd v: 239 runlevel: 5 Compilers: gcc: 8.1.0 alt: 5/6/7/8 
  Shell: bash v: 4.4.23 running in: xfce4-terminal inxi: 3.0.20
Answered By: Lizardx

Or this

lshw -short | grep system
Answered By: DimiDak