Replace matched file path with contents of file at the path with sed

I want to write a short deployment script which enters the contents of javascript-files into the single html file. These js files are currently declared as:

  <script src="js/jquery-1.8.2.js"></script>
  <script src="js/jquery.rotate-2.2.js"></script>
  <script src="js/underscore.js"></script>
  <script src="js/backbone.js"></script>
  <script src="js/backbone.dualstorage.js"></script>
  <script src="js/favourites.js"></script>
  <script src="js/menuItem.js"></script>
  <script src="js/companies.js"></script>
  <script src="js/lectures.js"></script>
  <script src="js/banquette.js"></script>
  <script src="js/menu.js"></script>
  <script src="js/application.js"></script>
  <script src="js/main.js"></script>

I got the fallowing sed script which almost does what I want:

sed -r -e '/<script src="(.*)">/r 1' -e '/<script src="(.*)">/d' index.html

The result of running this sed command with the above input is empty string. I’m uncertine what part of 1 is failing. Is it because references don’t work outside of s commands?


sed -r -e 's/<script src="(.*)">/1/'

Results in:

And so on ...

So obviously the regexp matches the right thing.

Is there any way to debug what 1 holds in the first command to perhaps see if the path is incorrect?

Asked By: Rovanion


It doesn’t work that way. As you say, back references don’t work outside of s commands.

You could do it with awk or perl with:

perl -pe 's{<script src="(.*?)">}{
  local$/;open F,"<$1";"<script>".<F>}ge'
Answered By: Stéphane Chazelas

GNU sed’s e command could be a solution:

sed '
/<script src="/ {
  s/.*<script src="([^"]+)">.*/cat 1/
' index.html

e will execute the content of pattern space as the command if without an argument, so rewrite the matched line as a shell command like cat js/foobar.js would do the trick. The output of the command replaces the pattern space.

Answered By: livibetter
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