How to copy all files from a directory to a remote directory using scp?
My goal is copy only all files from ~/local_dir to email@example.com /var/www/html/target_dir using scp and do not create local_dir category in local_dir.
/var/www/html/target_dir/local_dir/files.. when use -r parameter
scp has the -r argument. So, try using:
$ scp -r ~/local_dir firstname.lastname@example.org:/var/www/html/target_dir
The -r argument works just like the -r arg in cp, it will transfer your entire folder and all the files and subdirectories inside.
If your goal is to transfer all files from
* wildcard does the trick:
$ scp ~/local_dir/* email@example.com:/var/www/html/target_dir
-r option means “recursively”, so you must write it when you’re trying to transfer an entire directory or several directories.
-r Recursively copy entire directories. Note that scp follows symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal.
So if you have sub-directories inside
local_dir, the last example will only transfer files, but if you set the
-r option, it will transfer files and directories.
/. to your source directory will transfer its contents instead of the directory itself. In contrast to the wildcard solution, this will include any hidden files too.
$ scp -r ~/local_dir/. firstname.lastname@example.org:/var/www/html/target_dir
Credit for this solution goes to roaima, but I thought it should be posted as an actual answer, not only a comment.
Follow these steps:
local_dirwith all its sub-directories:
scp -r ~/local_dir email@example.com:/var/www/html/target_dir
copy only the contents of
local_dirand not the directory
scp -r ~/local_dir/* firstname.lastname@example.org:/var/www/html/target_dir
Do not use:
scp -r ~/local_dir/. email@example.com:/var/www/html/target_diras it throws an error(just tested and received the following error):
scp: error: unexpected filename: .
rsync -avP ~/local_dir/ firstname.lastname@example.org:/var/www/html/target_dir/
And you can run it with
-n at its end
rsync -avP ~/local_dir/ email@example.com:/var/www/html/target_dir -n
so that it simulates the operation and you can check that the result is what you wish for.